Length and Time Phasing of Assistance
Each formula award to a State will be for 3 years (the year of award plus 2 years).
Formula and Matching Requirements
Each participant state will receive a base amount of $500,000 or .25 percent of the amount available for the program, whichever is greater, with the remaining funds allocated to each state on the basis of the state's relative share of total U.S. population. If a state elects not to participate, all funds may be awarded directly to local units of government and combinations of units of local governments within the state. (a) Funds from the Act may be used to pay up to 75 percent of the cost of a program or project. The remaining nonfederal share will be provided in cash. Match for the formula grant programs will be provided for on a project-by-project basis, state-wide basis, unit-of-government basis, or a combination of the above. Requests will be contained in the application. (b) Funds distributed to an Indian tribe which performs law enforcement functions (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior) for any program or project described in the Act shall be 100 percent of such costs.
A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.
Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.
In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.
Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.